150 years ago today, Cyrus W. Field made it possible for North America and Europe to communicate instantaneously for the first time. He succeeded, after two failures, in laying the first durable underwater telegraph cable allowing transatlantic communication. (1866)
He, along with Peter Cooper, Abram Stevens Hewitt, Moses Taylor and Samuel F.B. Morse, joined the so-called Cable Cabinet of entrepreneurs, investors and engineers. Through their company, the Atlantic Telegraph Company, they utilized a shallow submarine plateau that ran between Ireland and Newfoundland, a region they had previously connected to New York City. The cable was officially opened in 1858, when Queen Victoria sent President James Buchanan a message in Morse code. It soon broke down and was permanently established with more durable cable on this day in 1866. The following year, Field received a gold medal from the U.S. Congress and the grand prize at the International Exposition in Paris for his achievement.
MORE Good on this Day:
- The discovery of the hormone insulin was announced by researchers at the University of Toronto (1921)
- Cricket player Tich Freeman became the only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July (1928)
- The Korean War ended with the United States, People’s Republic of China, and North Korea signing an armistice agreement (1953)
- The rock music film Purple Rain, starring Prince, was released (1984)
- Pete Rose passes Ty Cobb for the most career singles with 3,503, getting the hit against his former team, the Philadelphia Phillies (1984)
- The Korean War memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C. (1995)
And, on this day in 2014, Pope Francis revealed his Top 10 guidelines for achieving happiness. Relaxation and leisure figured prominently on the list, published in the Argentinian weekly, “Viva.” He recommended toning down negativity and, most surprising, he admonished against religious proselytizing.