Nobel Peace Prizes Spread Across Globe

Nobel Peace Prizes Spread Across Globe

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Stockholm, Sweden – Nobel Peace Prize winners are increasingly chosen from among diverse nations, as more nominations for the honor are directed toward Africans, Asians, Eastern Europeans, and Latin Americans. Nominees as well as winners are spread more evenly across the globe as war-torn regions give host to those with the strength to work for peace. (below, Geographical distribution of Peace Prize laureates 1901-2000) chart of nobel winners

 

In the earliest days of the Nobel Peace Prize, Europe possessed nearly three-quarters of all laureates. By last quarter of the 20th century, all regions had a significant share of prizes, with Asia receiving a plurality. Laureates and nominees now hail from widely diverse backgrounds and provide unique stories in the evolution of peace. The trend can be attributed to several factors.

Historically impoverished areas are rising to meet the challenges of the global economy, and give rise to world leaders in conflict resolution and peace activism. Eurocentric mentalities are giving way to a heightened desire for diversity of opportunity and achievement. Most importantly, regions such as Europe and much of Latin America, which previously saw major periods of conflict, have become more peaceful.

Chart Showing Geographical Distribution of Nominees, 1901-2000

nobel prize chart 2

 

The list of 21st century laureates:

  • 2006 Muhammad Yunus, Grameen Bank (Asia)

  • 2005 Mohamed ElBaradei, International Atomic Energy Agency (Africa)

  • 2004 Wangari Maathai, The Green Belt, planted 30 million trees in Kenya ( (Africa)

  • 2003 Shirin Ebadi, Children’s Rights Support Association in Iran (Asia)

  • 2002 Jimmy Carter (North America)

  • 2001 Kofi Annan, United Nations (Africa)

Additional sources: An interactive map of the Peace Prize and World Conflicts Educational gamesare provided at nobelprize.org

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