65 years ago today, the US Supreme Court ruled in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case, unanimously deciding (9-0) that US public schools could not be racially specific. The lawsuit was filed by the Brown family, black Americans in Topeka, Kansas, after their local public school district refused to enroll their daughter in the school closest to their home, instead requiring her to ride a bus to a blacks-only school further away. Their victorious lawyer, Thurgood Marshall, later became the first African-American justice of the Supreme Court… (1954)

A number of other black families joined the lawsuit, and the final ruling stated that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal,” and therefore violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

MORE Good News on This Day:

  • The first Kentucky Derby was run–a horse race in Louisville, Kentucky known in the U.S. as “The Most Exciting Two Minutes In Sports” (1875)
  • The Watergate hearings began in the United States Senate and were televised with gavel to gavel coverage by PBS (1973)
  • The World Health Organization took Homosexuality out of its list of mental illnesses (1992)
  • Marriage became legal for same-sex couples in Massachusetts (2004)
  • Trains from North and South Korea cross the 38th Parallel taking a small symbolic step towards a possible Korean reunification — the first time that trains have crossed the Demilitarized Zone since 1953 (2007)

And, on this day in 1963, the first Monterey Folk Festival opened in Monterey, California. The 3-day festival featured Joan Baez, Bob Dylan and Peter Paul and Mary. It later morphed into the Monterey Pop festival, which in 1967 showcased the first major live performance in America of Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Ravi Shankar, and Janis Joplin. This show was also the first time Otis Redding played to a huge predominantly-white audience.

WATCH a legend in the making: Bob Dylan, at 22 years old, singing his own song about miners…

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