On this day 162 years ago, the distinguished educator, author, and advisor to presidents, Booker T. Washington, was born. Part of the last generation of black Americans born into slavery, he attended college in Virginia before being named head of the newly established black college, the Tuskegee Institute. At age 39, when Southern lynchings reached a peak, Washington gave a speech, known as the “Atlanta compromise”, calling for black progress through education and entrepreneurship, rather than directly challenging Jim Crow segregation and disenfranchisement. He mobilized a nationwide coalition of middle-class blacks, church leaders, and white philanthropists and politicians, with a long-term goal of building the community’s economic strength and pride by a focus on self-help and schooling, culminating in his 1901 autobiography, “Up From Slavery.” READ his inspiring quotes… (1856)
– Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome.
– If you want to lift yourself up, lift up someone else.
– Excellence is to do a common thing in an uncommon way.
– No race can prosper till it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem.
– I will permit no man to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him.
– You can’t hold a man down without staying down with him.
MORE Good News on this Day:
- Happy Birthday to Gen. Colin Powell, who turns 83 years old today (1915)
- The song “We Are the World” was played simultaneously by an estimated 5,000 radio stations around the globe (1985)
- The trade union Solidarity was granted legal status in Poland (1989)
- In Japan, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge opened to traffic, becoming the largest suspension bridge in the world (1998)
- 115 Chinese coal miners were freed as the world watched, culminating eight days of rescue efforts in a flooded mine, following an accident that already killed 38 (2010)
Also, on this day in 1614, the first interracial marriage was recorded in North America. Pocahontas, the native American daughter of Chief Powhatan, married colonist John Rolfe from the English settlement of Jamestown.
Pocahontas’s descendants, through their son Thomas, include members of the First Families of Virginia, First Ladies Edith Wilson and Nancy Reagan, and astronomer Percival Lowell.
The large stone statues, or moai, for which Easter Island is famous (click to enlarge the photo), were carved by natives there, between 1100–1680, using solidified volcanic ash found near an extinct volcano. A total of 887 monolithic stone statues have been inventoried, with many having torsos ending at the top of the thighs, although a small number are complete figures that kneel on bent knees with their hands over their stomachs. Each sculpture represented the deceased head of a lineage and required a couple hundred men to relocate it to other parts of the island. Some of the largest weighed 82 tons and were placed upright upon stone platforms facing the ocean. –Photo by Aurbina (CC)
And, on this day in 1887, Anne Sullivan finally was able to break though a wall of isolation and hostility in order to teach the word “water” to Helen Keller, who could not see, nor hear, nor speak until this gifted teacher entered her life. WATCH the moment recreated in film The Miracle Worker…