100 years ago today, Mahatma Gandhi organized a day of prayer and fasting in response to the massacre of hundreds of defenseless Indian protesters by the British. Three days earlier, civilians had assembled for a peaceful protest in the Jallianwalla Bagh public garden to condemn the arrest and deportation of two national leaders. Walled on all sides, a British general entered the garden with his troops and fired on the crowd for ten minutes using 1,650 rounds of ammunition, killing at least 300 and injuring many more. The brutality stunned the nation—and eventually the House of Commons, as well, which voted to censure the general and force him to retire. The tragedy caused many moderate Indians to abandon their loyalty to the British and become nationalists. It fueled the Non-cooperation Movement of 1920–22, directed by Gandhi, involving hundreds of thousands of Indians in non-violent protest and support of local goods and services. (1919)
MORE Good News on this Date:
- Charlie Chaplin was born in London, the first moviemaker to take complete control over his films, as the actor, writer, and director (1889)
- Boston Arena, the oldest existing indoor ice hockey arena still used for the sport in the 21st century, now called Matthews Arena and considered a spectator’s dream venue, opened for the first time (1910)
- Walter Cronkite first anchored the CBS Evening News broadcast; later he became “the most trusted man in America”, turning public opinion against U.S. aggression in Viet Nam (1962)
- Bob Dylan debuted his song “Blowin’ in the Wind” on stage at Gerde’s Folk City in New York, and added a third middle verse later (1962)
- Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. penned his famous Letter from the Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Alabama for protesting against segregation., saying, “injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” (1963)
- The Rolling Stones released their debut album, The Rolling Stones, it was issued in the US as England’s Newest Hit Makers (1964)
- The National Zoo received two giant pandas, Ling-Ling (female) and Hsing-Hsing (male), a gift from China two months after President Richard Nixon’s historic visit to that country (1972)
- The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union (2003)
- A Russian billionaire, Elena Baturina, said to be richest woman, invested $100 million in BeOpenFuture.com, a creative think-tank devoted to improving the world (2012)
And, Bob Feller’s record is safe for another year… In the last 79 years of Major League Baseball, no one has broken this pitcher’s record of throwing the only opening day no-hitter in the history of the game.
After that day in 1940, he went on to accomplish a pitching triple crown for the Cleveland Indians that year, leading the American League in ERA (2.61), wins (27) and strikeouts (261) – the latter two led the entire majors. During his career, he threw two more no-hitters and 12 one-hitters. Feller was ranked 36th on the Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players of all time. Of Feller’s death in 2010 at the age of 92, Mike Hegan, Indians broadcaster and son of former Feller teammate Jim Hegan, stated, “The Indians of the 40s and 50s were the face of the city of Cleveland, and Bob Feller was the face of the Indians.” Interrupted only by four years of military service in World War II, Feller played for the team for 18 years and remained loyal to the city for seven decades.