100 years year ago today, the League of Nations was founded as the world’s first intergovernmental organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. A result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War, its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant signed a century ago, included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration. This diplomatic philosophy represented a fundamental shift from the preceding hundred years.
At its greatest strength it had 58 nation members, but the onset of the Second World War showed that the League had failed its primary purpose, which was to prevent any future world war. The Society of Nations, as it was called in France, lasted for 26 years. Though the United States never joined, they did join the United Nations, which replaced the League after the end of the Second World War and inherited several of its agencies and organizations. (1919)
MORE Good News on this Day:
- The saxophone was patented by Adolphe Sax, who at the age of 16, was already an accomplished Belgian instrument maker dreaming of creating a group of instruments that would be the most powerful and vocal of the woodwinds, and the most adaptive of the brass instruments (1846)
- Labor Day officially became a holiday for federal employees in the United States, every year on the first Monday of September (1894)
- The Treaty of Versailles was signed, ending World War I for the allies—Belgium, Britain, France, Italy, the United States—against Germany and Austria-Hungary (1919)
- Four decades after Karl Benz created the first petrol-powered car, Mercedes Benz was founded as DMG and ‘Benz & Cie’ merged into the prestigious brand that introduced many technological and safety innovations common in most vehicles today (1926)
- Elections were held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which led to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time (1973)
- The U.S. resumed direct diplomatic ties with Libya after 24 years (2004)
- Canada became the third country to legalize same-sex marriage (2005)
- The Supreme Court of the United States upheld the Constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act that seeks to provide access to quality health care for all Americans (2012)
And, on this day in 1940, the ‘World’s Banker to the Poor,’ Muhammad Yunus, was born in Bangladesh.
The Muslim economist and civil society leader was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006 for founding the Grameen Bank and pioneering the concepts of micro-credit and micro-finance as a way to release poor people, especially women, from dependency on welfare. He is author of three books, including, Banker to the Poor. In 2011, he co-founded Yunus Social Business Global Initiatives to use incubator funds and provide advisory services that empower social businesses trying to solve social problems around the world.
And Happy 53rd Birthday to John Cusack. Born in Illinois, the actor, producer, screenwriter and renown Cubs fan is beloved for such films as High Fidelity, Say Anything, Grosse Pointe Blank, Con Air, Serendipity and 2012. According to reports, John—whose sister Joan Cusack is also a successful actor—practices Transcendental Meditation, and uses the technique to more thoroughly explore the depths of his diverse characters. (1966)
Other Notable Birthdays: Elon Musk (48); Kathy Bates (71); Mel Brooks (93), the legendary director of comedies like Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein, and The Producers. He belongs to an exclusive club of entertainers honored with the grand slam: an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony.
And, on this day in 2003, audiences first enjoyed “Pirates of the Caribbean,” when the film premiered at Disneyland, the famous park with its amusement ride that inspired the story. The first in the film series, “The Curse of the Black Pearl” stars Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley, Geoffrey Rush, and Johnny Depp, who won his peers’ coveted SAG award for best actor in a leading role—and also was nominated for an Oscar and BAFTA. His character, the wily pirate Jack Sparrow teams up with blacksmith Will Turner to rescue a kidnapped noblewoman from the Captain’s old ship, the Black Pearl, but then discover an ancient curse. WATCH the trailer…