65 years ago today, the devastating Korean War ended when the U.S., China, and North Korea signed an armistice agreement. The war between North and South Korea had lasted for three years after North Korea invaded South Korea, and the United Nations—with the US as a principal force—came to the aid of the South, while communist China and the Soviet Union supported the North. (1953)
MORE Good on this Day:
- The discovery of the hormone insulin was announced by researchers at the University of Toronto (1921)
- Cricket player Tich Freeman became the only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July (1928)
- The rock music film Purple Rain, starring Prince, was released (1984)
- Pete Rose passed Ty Cobb for the most career singles with 3,503, getting the hit against his former team, the Philadelphia Phillies (1984)
- The Korean War memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C. (1995)
- Pope Francis revealed his Top 10 guidelines for achieving happiness, which included relaxation and leisure, and toning down negativity—and most surprising, he admonished against religious proselytizing (2014)
And, on this day in 1992, Nelson Mandela announced a general strike to demand free elections and the removal of South African President F. W. de Klerk, with whom he would later share a Nobel Peace Prize.
The successful strike was called two years after he was freed from decades in prison and became the president of his recently legalized political party, the African National Congress. Many books and movies have been produced about the reconciliation between these two men.
And, on this day in 1866, Cyrus W. Field made it possible for North America and Europe to communicate instantaneously for the first time. He succeeded, after two failures, in laying the first durable underwater telegraph cable allowing transatlantic communication.
He, along with Peter Cooper, Abram Stevens Hewitt, Moses Taylor and Samuel F.B. Morse, joined the so-called ‘Cable Cabinet’ of entrepreneurs, investors and engineers. Through their company, the Atlantic Telegraph Company, they utilized a shallow submarine plateau that ran between Ireland and Newfoundland, a region they had previously connected to New York City.
The cable was officially opened in 1858, when Queen Victoria sent President James Buchanan a message in Morse code. It soon broke down and was permanently established with more durable cable on this day in 1866. The following year, Field received a gold medal from the U.S. Congress and the grand prize at the International Exposition in Paris for his achievement.