Happy 75th Birthday to Sherry Lansing, who was named the president of 20th Century Fox in 1980 and became the first woman to head a Hollywood movie studio. A former math teacher, model, and actress, she was dissatisfied with her own acting skills, so decided to learn about the film industry. She started her own production company that created the box-office smash Fatal Attraction in 1987, with Michael Douglas and Glenn Close, for which Lansing, as producer, received an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture. She retired from Hollywood in 2004 as CEO of Paramount Pictures, and formed The Sherry Lansing Foundation which is dedicated to raising awareness and funds for cancer research. (1944)

2008 photo by Penn State, CC license

Ms. Lansing also donated $5 million to University of Chicago Laboratory Schools to build a new arts wing, including a 250-seat performance venue.

MORE Good News on this Day:

  • English writer Daniel Defoe (Robinson Crusoe) was placed in a pillory as punishment for writing a satire, but instead of humiliation in the public square, Defoe met sympathy from Londoners who threw flowers instead of vegetables or stones, and drank to his health (1703)
  • Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman, was bestowed by the US Congress with the rank and commission of major-general of the United States, “in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions.”  (1777)
  • U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed the historic Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, known as Start, which reduced the countries’ stockpiles of nuclear warheads by about one third (1991)
  • A total ban on the use of landmines was announced by the British government, after significant public pressure to endorse an international landmines treaty (1998)
  • The presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, the longest-running British Army operation ever, came to an end (2007)
  • At the end of his European tour, Bruce Springsteen played his longest show to date – 4 hours and 6 minutes (2012)
  • American swimmer Michael Phelps broke a record held for 48 years by Russian gymnast, Larisa Latynina, when he won his 19th Olympic medal, the most by any athlete in history (2012)

And, on this day in 1965, J.K. Rowling, the author and humanitarian who gave the same birth date to her now famous character–the young wizard, Harry Potter–was born.

2010 Photo by Daniel Ogren, CC license

Rowling went from a single mom supported by welfare to the world’s first female billionaire novelist. Her artful wizarding fantasies became the best-selling book series in history, translated into 73 languages. She’s not on the Forbes’ Billionaires list anymore because she gives so much away–particularly to multiple sclerosis, illiteracy and child welfare charities–but also to the tax man, as a form of patriotism. She said, “I am indebted to the British welfare state…  When my life hit rock bottom, that safety net, threadbare though it had become… was there to break the fall.” (To honor her 50th birthday in 2015, Time gathered well-wishes from 17 actors in the Harry Potter films, with whom she worked closely during production. Read them here.)

And, on this day in 1957, Richard Starkey (later known as Ringo Starr) made his debut at The Cavern in Liverpool, playing drums with the Eddie Clayton Skiffle Group. John Lennon first appeared at the club a week later with The Quarry Men. Three and a half years later, Brian Epstein, who would become their manager, first saw The Beatles performing in this warehouse basement. The Fab Four went on to play 292 times in the underground pub, which was formerly a bomb shelter, but now is the most famous nightclub in the world.

RELATEDRingo Sells Beatles Drum Kit, Other Treasures, Raises $9.2M for Charity

Also on this day in 1968, The Beatles recorded the master track of a new Paul McCartney song ‘Hey Jude’. McCartney wrote the song originally as ‘Hey Jules’, to comfort John Lennon’s son, Julian, during his parents’ divorce. Working at Trident studios in London where they could access 8-track equipment, it became the first single for their new Apple Records—and more than seven minutes in length, Hey Jude spent nine weeks at number one on the U.S. charts, the longest for any Beatles single.

During the coda, which lasts for more than four minutes, they added a 36-piece orchestra—and not a particularly enthusiastic one. There was dissension among the classically-trained musicians, some of whom “were looking down their noses at the Beatles”. To bolster the energy and passion in their performance, McCartney finally stood up on the grand piano and began conducting them from there. On another take, the Beatles then asked the orchestra members if they would clap their hands and sing along during the fading refrain. All but one of the musicians complied (for a double fee). The one abstainer reportedly said, “I’m not going to clap my hands and sing Paul McCartney’s bloody song!”

The Beatles recorded the following promotional film, after the hit had been on sale in America for a week, enlisting an audience of around 300 local people, and grabbing fans outside Abbey Road Studios, to perform during the song’s finale. WATCH the video below, which was broadcast in the US on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour.

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