65 years ago on this day, four student demonstrators were killed as they demanded to establish Bangla as the official language of East Pakistan, sparking a movement which led to the independence of Bangladesh in 1971. The date was later declared International Mother Language Day by UNESCO. (1952)

MORE Good News on this Date:

  • Jeanne Calment was born in Arles, France and lived there more than 122 years —  the longest confirmed human lifespan in history (1875)
  • The newly completed Washington Monument was dedicated (1885)
  • The New Yorker published its first issue as a sophisticated humor magazine, but soon began featuring serious fiction and journalism (1925)
  • First successful flying car, Waldo Waterman’s Arrowbile made its maiden flight (1937)
  • David Geffen, the head of Geffen records and co-founder Dreamworks was born to immigrant parents in Brooklyn; the college drop-out also created Asylum records, which signed The Eagles, Joni Mitchell, Jackson Browne, Warren Zevon, Tom Waits, and Bob Dylan (1943)
  • Edwin Land demonstrated the first “instant camera,” his Polaroid Land Camera, which produced a black-and-white photo in 60 seconds (1947)
  • Winston Churchill helped abolish Identity Cards in the UK to “set the people free” (1952)
  • Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the structure of DNA (1953)
  • President Nixon visited China ending 20 years of frosty relations with the USA (1972)
  • Israeli soldiers left the Suez Canal’s west bank honoring a truce with Egypt (1974)
  • Metallica released their third album, the highly influential Master of Puppets, considered by many in the music community to be the best thrash metal album of all time (1986)
  • Steve Fossett landed in Saskatchewan, Canada becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon (1995)